Civil Engineering

Introduction to MICP and Sample preparation

In India the increase in population and industrialization, there is a much need for the soil to be used for various activities. There is a need to improve the properties of soil, if the soil at any particular locality is unsuited, wholly or partially selected for the construction. With increasing awareness of environmental issues, there has been a remarkable shift toward “green” and sustainable technologies. In view of these attempt is made to study the new sustainable method of biogeochemical techniques to improve the soil properties.

Dam is a solid barrier constructed at a proper location across a river valley to store flowing water. Earth Dams are mainly built with clay, sand and gravel, hence they are also known as Earth fill dam or Rock fills Dam. They are trapezoidal in shape. They are built where the foundation or core material or rocks are weak to support the masonry dam. Earthen dams are comparatively smaller in height and broad at the base. Earth Dams are less rigid and hence more vulnerable to failure. Earth Dams may fail, like other engineering structures, due to inappropriate designs, faulty considerations, lack of maintenance etc. The various causes leading to the failure of earth dams can be grouped into three categories i.e. Hydraulic failure, Seepage failure and Structural failure. Uncontrolled or concentrated seepage through the dam body or through its foundation may lead to piping or sloughing and the subsequent failure of the dam. More than 1/3rd of the earth dams have failed because of these reasons. Various remedial measures has been suggested for controlling dam failures. This includes treatment of control of excessive seepage, structural defects failure and non-structural defects failure. This study focuses on reducing the seepage losses by injecting the soil containing MICP Bacteria in the impermeable membrane of dam.

In India nearly there are 3200 major/ medium dams in which most common dam is an earthen dam. All dams have seepage as the hold water seeks paths of least resistance through the dam and its foundation. Seepage becomes concern if it carries a material with it. The hearting of earthen dams are made up of black cotton soil and seepage through this is a major concern. In this project we are trying to control the excess seepage and losses through the hearting of dams. MICP will increase the bonding between the soil my calcite precipitation produced by bacteria reducing the permeability and seepage.

Most embankments exhibit some seepage. However, this seepage must be measuredin velocity and quantity. Seepage occurs through the earthen embankment or dike and/or through its foundation. Seepage, if uncontrolled, can erode fine soil material from the downstream slope or foundation and continue moving towards the upstream slope to form a pipe or cavity to the pond or lake often leading to a complete failure of the embankment. This action is known as “piping.” Seepage failures account for approximately 40 percent of all embankments or dyke failures. Seepage can also cause slope failures by saturating the slope material, thereby weakening the adhesive properties of the soil and its stability. Burrows or holes created by animals such as theGround hog, woodchuck, or muskrat create voids in the embankment or dyke, which weaken the structure and may serve as a pathway for seepage. Tree roots can provide a smooth surface for seepage to travel along. When trees die, their decaying roots may leave passageways for seepage to concentrate in. Pipes through the embankment may also provide smooth surfaces for seepage to concentrate along as well.

        In the past few years before soil stabilization technique using MICP was introduced, chemical grouting method was applied to stabilize soil. The process of chemical grouting technique is achieved by adding variety of additives which is very toxic such as Portland cement, lime, asphalt, sodium silicate, acrylate, lignin, urethane, and resins in order to strengthen the soil. Many researchers had proved that these additives will modify the pH of soil and contaminate the groundwater and soil and chemical grouting is becoming very popular due to its economic benefits but nowadays with the increasing awareness of environmental issues, it is likely to introduce a more sustainable method in stabilization of soil such as MICP method.

        Several problems of tropical residual soil condition such as low strength, high compressibility, softening due to infiltration on raining season had caused many geotechnical engineering problems such as settlement of embankment or foundation, debris flow, landslide and others Natural 238 disaster such as landslides has increased and become the major concerns of engineering geologists and geotechnical engineers.The conventional soil stabilization method such as grouting method had applied in order to strengthen the soil. Stated that chemical used in grouting method such as Portland cement, lime, asphalt and others are toxic and hazardous. Applying this method to strengthen the soil are not environmental friendly because chemical  in the soil will change the pH of the soil and contaminate groundwater and due to environmental concerned, previous study about soil stabilization by using chemical grouting method are not suitable because it may cause soil and water pollution. MICP is a relatively green and sustainable soil stabilization technique which utilizes biochemical process that exists naturally in soil to improve the engineering properties of soil. Hence, there is a need of study on new green technologies, MICP method which is more environmental friendly to stabilize soil.

        Hence a study is carried out to validate the idea behind “Microbial Induced Calcite Precipitation (MICP)” is to provide comparatively clean and sustainable technique in the field of ground improvement.Improve the shear strength of soil.To study the feasibility of Bacillus Megaterium in MICP treatment of black cotton soil.To reduce the seepage losses through the dam.For the improvement of behavior of soil, various ground improvement methods are available example chemical stabilization, cement stabilization etc. The inherent drawbacks of these methodare not new to the industry. MICP promises to provide a solution for the existing problem like repair work of roads, tunnels, canals, etc. This method is eco-friendly and economical technique compared to other soil stabilization technique. The availability of bacteria as well as its cultivation can be done in huge amount.

  1. Converting lyophilized bacterial strain into active liquid form

0.65gm nutrient broth powder is added in 50ml distilled water. Then sample is kept in autoclave for sterilization. The pressure in autoclave is maintained to 15kg/cm2. When the pressure reaches 15kg/cm2 the temperature is about 121oc. sterilization is done to remove or to kill the biological agents or bacteria’s which are already present in the solution due to broth powder. Autoclave is done for 15min then solution is taken out and it is allowed to get cooled to room temperature. Then with the help of sterile loop(it is a small stick which is used to remove strain from test tube) the strain is taken out and dipped in the sterilized medium and kept for 24hrs for the growth of bacteria.

  1. Sample preparation and vane shear test:

 We conducted vane shear test on PVC pipes filled with black cotton soil and bacteria. For vane shear test the required L/D ratio is in the range between 2 to 3 so we selected pipe of internal diameter 2.6cm and length 7.8cm.

            Total 8 samples were prepared for the test and each specimen is filled with black cotton soil and stain about 2.5ml was injected with the help of sterilized dropper. Vane shear test is performed on 0, 1st, 2nd day and results were taken.

MICP is a microbial process which greatly depends on temperature, pH, calcium concentration. This makes it a complex and time consuming process in comparison to the chemical process under standard environmental conditions.

The economic limitation makes MICP less industrially friendly, as laboratory grade sources needs to be used. Since there’s a potential of inefficient MICP when using non-laboratory grade chemical reagents. Although alternative inexpensive nutrient sources for MICP such as lactose mother liquor have been implemented, consideration of a wider range of alternative sources would provide a better assessment of its cost effectiveness.

In addition to this limitation, application of in-situ MICP would require the generation of substantial volumes of chemical reagents and microbial solutions.

Civil – AVISHKAR 2018

Third State Level project exhibition organized for diploma students. It is a biggest  exhibition in Pune where more than 400 students participate.

     This is an excellent platform to show the talent of students through their final year projects. These people also get facility to interact our department experienced faculty regarding future scope of project and fantastic guideline regarding career opportunities in Civil Engineering after diploma.

 This was really a celebration of  sharing the technical knowledge.

Visit to Pimpri Chinchwad Municipal Corporation Water Treatment Plant

1. To generate interest in the subject environmental Engineering and water supply.
2. To introduce different activities carried out at Water Treatment Plant. .
3. To introduce Water Supply and Distribution Networks and SCADA.

Site Visit Outcomes:

  1. Students have got an idea about different components of Water Treatment Plant.
  2. Students could observe and study design measures of Water Treatment Plant.
  3. students could study water supply scheme and Operation and maintaniance of WTP

BE civil Students for Panshet Dam and Varasgaon Dam

Civil Engineering Department of ZCOER has organized a site visit for BE civil Students for Panshet Dam and Varasgaon Dam on dated 08/02/2018

  1. To Learn and study the different component of gravity dam at Varasgaon
  2. To Learn and study the different component of Earthen dam at Panshet


  1. Student understood the working gate operations.
  2. Student understood different components of earthen and gravity dam

site visit for TE civil Students for Suyog Group Construction

Civil Engineering Department of ZCOER has organized a site visit for TE civil Students for Suyog Group Construction at Warje on dated 08/02/2018.

  1. To get an understanding how the theoretical knowledge is fitted in practice.
  2. To observe the different activities techniques carried out on site.
  3. To have a feel of how condition of site really is and how safety is priority.
  4. Observe the usages of machinery at construction site.


  1. Students understood the functioning of reinforced concrete slab and various RCC members.
  2. Students understood the detailing of reinforcement in slabs.
  3. Students understood how the detailing of RCC building has been done as per the IS code and what are the measure consequences at construction site while doing the site work.

site visit for SE civil Students for Lavasa Township

Civil Engineering Department of ZCOER has organized a site visit for SE civil Students for Lavasa Township on dated 09/01/2018


  1. To Learn and study the town planning aspect of city
  2. To observe the infrastructure which is developed by the lavasacorporation
  3. To Learn the various shapeand architectural aspect of different building which build by lavasacorporation

Site Visit Outcomes:

  1. After visit student will better understand the concept of town planning as lavasa is one of the privately own and well planned city.Environmentally sensitive planning is the one of the salient feature of the city
  2. Student will also experience and observe building structure like apartment retail commercial office and recreational facilities which is part of SE curriculum.

Spur A Tool for Protecting Bank

Civil Engineering Department has arranged guest lecture on “Spur A Tool for Protecting Bank”. This guest lecture was very useful not only for students but also for faculty members. Dr Sanjay Burele, Sciectist B CWPRS, Pune was present as a Resource person. He also shared his experience and current scenario in the field of research.

skill building workshop on best concreting practicesin

One day skill building workshop on best concreting practicesin association with UltraTechCements limited, was organized on 12th September 2017.  58 students were benefitted by this workshop.


  1. To make aware students for best concreting practices under the supervision of experts from industry.
  2. To have an experience of concreting with standard norms.

Code of Conduct:

A proposal from UltraTech was there to organize One day skill building workshop on best concreting practices. The major theme was to make students aware about best concreting practices under the supervision of experts from industry.

Workshop started by 10.30am in CSM auditorium. Hon Principal, ZCOER was in chair. Earlier Prof N. N. Deo had introduced the theme of workshop. Head of Department: Dr. P. P, Walvekar felicitated to UltraTech team.

In session I; a seminar regarding best concreting practices was delivered from Mr. Mahesh Koli; Technical head UltraTech Cements limited. He shared few valuable videos with students regarding advanced concreting.

In Session II; a practical sessions regarding concrete material selection, Specifications, Mixing and casting was carried out. Few tests on fresh concrete were obtained and discussed well with students. An importance was given to IS codes to be referred while concreting, recent concreting material s available in market etc.

In the evening after tea break a concluding session was arranged where students interacted well with these industry persons. This was a peak of the workshop where students eagour to discuss lots of queries about practical difficulty in best concerting practices. At last Faculty coordinator Prof. A. V. Wakchaure; thanked to UltraTech Cements limited concluded the sessions.


  1. Students made aware about best concerting practices.
  2. Students were groomed regarding need of structural stability and concerting.
  3. Students could interact well with industry persons

Teaching Learning Practices n Structural Analysis

“Teaching Learning Practices n Structural Analysis”

Five days Faculty Development Programon “Teaching Learning Practices in Structural Analysis” was organized by Department of Civil Engineering of Zeal college of Engineering and research during 6th to 10th June 2017.Total 35 participants from various engineering institutes and Zeal College of Engineering and Research had participated in this workshop.

The aim of this FDP is to shape up teaching learning practices and groom the faculty members about effective content delivery of structural analysis subjects. This program tenders topics like Fundamentals of physics and mechanics, Stress & strain evaluation determinate and indeterminate, Stress & strain evaluation in composite and homogeneous section, Shear and bending analysis, Analysis of indeterminate beam by Clapeyron theorem, strain energy and by Castiglianos theorem, Analysis of truss by Castiglianos 1st and 2nd theorems for lack of fit, sinking of support and temperature changes, Influence line diagrams and it’s analysis for beam & truss, Plastic analysis of steel structures, Finite difference and finite element method. This program also includes sessions related to insights of industry applications of structural analysis and software application.


  • To provide new insights and knowledge about the topic through close interactions/discussions with the senior Faculty Members and Experts of the respective field.
  • To study behavior and analysis of stress and strain acting on various structural members.
  • To understand industrial and software application of structural analysis.
  • To shape up teaching learning practices and grooms the faculty members about effective content delivery of structural analysis subjects.

Various experts from academic institutes and industries had contributed to this workshop by their able guidance. Following topics get covered in this workshop.

1. Fundamental concepts, stress strain evaluation and shear bending analysis by Dr. M. R. Wakchaure, Professor of Amrutwahini College of Engineering, Sangamner.


2. Analysis of  beams trusses by using different methods and theorems and ILD  by Dr. K. Gopi Krishna, Assistant Prof. NIT, Warangal


3. Plastic analysis of steel structures , Finite difference and finite element method  by  Dr. Sandeep Chaudhary, Associate Prof. IIT, Indore


4. Failure theories of Steel Beams/Column and Connections Torsional analysis of Beams and Analysis of Steel by  Dr. M. R.ShiyekarAdjunct Faculty Govt. College of Engineering, Karad


5. Software application of Structural Analysis  byEr. Prashant PatilDirector, Apex consultant, Pune


This faculty development program was inaugurated byDr. A. B. More, Executive Council Member, ISTE,Dr. A. M. Kate principal of ZCOER, Dr. M. R. Wakchaureprofessor of Amrutwahini College of Engineering, Sangamner,Dr. Walvekar P. P. conveyerhead of civil engineering department, MS. Patil S. S. coordinator of FDP and all participants.

The faculty development program started after the Inauguration ceremony all three sessions of the 1st day was conducted by Dr. M. R. Wakchaure, Professor of Amrutwahini College of Engineering Sangamner who discussed about fundamentals concepts of physics and mechanics, Stress & strain evaluation in different sections with realistic and interesting examples. After lunch in his last session he delivered information about shear and bending analysis with different easy method those students can understand easily.

On 2nd day of FDP, 1st session was on Analysis of beams with different support conditions , 2nd session was on Analysis of truss and 3rd session is on ILD for beams with numerical examples was delivered by Dr. K. Gopi Krishna, Assistant Prof. NIT, Warangal.

On 3rd day of FDP, 1st session was on Plastic analysis of steel structures,2nd and 3rd session was on Finite difference and element method was delivered by Dr. Sandeep Chaudhary, Associate Prof. IIT, Indore. In this session different numerical examples related to concept with images were discussed along with delivering techniques.

On 4th day of FDP 1st session was on failure theories of Steel Beams/Column, 2nd session was on Torsional analysis and 3rd session was Connections delivered by Dr. M R Shiyekar Adjunct Faculty Government College of Engineering, Karad. This session was graceful with different teaching methods and use of available teaching aids for better understanding of students.

5 th dayof this FDP was delivered by Er. Prashant Patil Director, Apex consultant, Pune. On this day there was discussion about Software application.In 2nd session participants practices on ANYSIS Software and analyze shear force bending moments on different components by preparing model of G + 4 building. FDP is ended with valedictory function in which Er. Prashant Patil expressed his feelings. Votes of thank speech is given by conveyer and coordinator.

Achievers make us feel proud….

Achievers make us feel proud…..

and felicitating such toppers is our prime responsibility. Pune is a city of knowledge and it is very much obvious that such ceremonies happen in the city.

Zeal Education Society believes in maintaining this legacy and taking it forward. With this mission Zeal Education Society had arranged GRADUATION CEREMONY for 2016 engineering batch.

The event was organized on 01.02.2017 at the campus. It is our legacy to have eminent educationalist on our campus for such ceremonies.

In 2017 the graduation ceremony event was graced by the august presence of Dr. Pandit Vidyasagar (Vice Chancellor, SMRT University, Nanded), Shri. S.M. Katkar (Founder Director, Zeal Education Society)